KCETB Kilkenny and Carlow Education and Training Board
Rialtas na hEireann Government of Ireland
Rialtas na hEireann Government of Ireland
Co-Funded by the European Union

What is Youth Work?

Youth work and the role of the ETBs

Education and training boards (ETBs) have a legislative responsibility in relation to youth work in Ireland. This is set out in the Education and Training Boards Act 2013, which states that the function of ETBs,  in relation to youth work, is to:

“Support the provision, coordination, administration and assessment of youth work services in its functional area and provide such information as may be requested by the Minister for Children and Youth Affairs in relation to such support, and to assess whether the manner in which it performs its functions is economical, efficient and effective.”

What is youth work?

Youth work has enhanced the lives of young people and adults in Ireland for more than 100 years. It was given formal statutory recognition in the Youth Work Act 2001, which defines youth work as:

A planned programme of education designed for the purpose of aiding and enhancing the personal and social development of young people through their voluntary involvement, and which is complementary to their formal, academic or vocational education and training and provided primarily by voluntary youth work organisations.

Youth work is, above all, an educational and developmental process, based on young people’s active and voluntary participation and commitment. Youth work is for all young people, with particular focus on those aged 10-25yrs.

The purpose of youth work

  • To build young people’s self-esteem and self-confidence
  • To develop their ability to manage personal and social relationships
  • To offer worthwhile and challenging new experiences
  • To provide learning opportunities to enable young people to gain knowledge and develop new skills
  • To build young people’s capacity to consider risks and consequences, make informed decisions and take responsibility
  • To help young people develop social awareness and a sense of social solidarity
  • To give young people a voice in decision-making which affects their lives
  • To enhance young people’s role as active citizens
  • To listen to and hear what young people have to say

How does it happen?

The methods adopted, and the programmes and activities engaged in by youth workers and young people, are very diverse, including:

  • Recreation, sport and indoor/outdoor pursuits
  • Arts and culture, including drama and music
  • Citizenship, social action, youth participation, rights and equality issues, the environment, development education and politics
  • Welfare and well-being, including education regarding health, relationships and sexuality; stress management; first-aid; drugs, alcohol and smoking.
  • Life skills, such as leadership, teamwork, planning and decision making, communication, problem solving, initiative and responsibility
  • Critical analysis and creative and reflective thinking
  • Intercultural and international awareness activities and exchanges
  • Information technology

What are the values of youth work?

The values of youth work match the purpose of education and are fundamental to the process, raising the confidence of individuals, their contribution to society, and their value as citizens.

These values are:

  • Empowerment of young people
  • Equality and inclusion
  • Respect for all young people
  • Involvement of young people in decision-making
  • Partnership
  • Voluntary participation
Friends hands together

What are the benefits of Youth Work?

Youth work adds value to the lives of all young people, helping them develop lasting skills and attributes; it can particularly affect the lives of young people who are vulnerable or disadvantaged, or are most challenged by school. Youth work can help to build confidence, provide role models, open up new experiences and give young people a sense of belonging.

For Young People

Youth work is both educational and enjoyable; is fulfilling and fun. Those who participate in youth work have more opportunities and more options for the future.

For Communities

Youth Work is about adults and young people working together, building community spirit and playing an active role in the development of their communities.

For Society

Youth work tackles real social issues;  it combats disadvantage; it enhances democratic life and it’s huge value for money!

Definitive Features

  • Youth work is about voluntary participation
  • Young people are involved in youth work because they choose to be; because they want to do worthwhile, enjoyable things in their free time in the company of their friends and interested, supportive adults, both paid and volunteer
  • Youth work ‘starts where young people are at’
  • Youth work is flexible and versatile in its approach. It starts with young people’s own interests and ambitions and helps them to expand their horizons
  • Youth work is about partnership
  • Within youth work, the young people are active partners in making decisions, planning programmes, and setting priorities. The youth work relationship is based on ongoing dialogue between young people and adults
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